Initiative is the child’s ability to begin and flow through on tasks. The most meaningful and engaging activities are those that they initiate themselves. As children develop, they initiate and carry out activities of increasing complexity. Over time, adults observe an increase in children’s ability to communicate their intentions, solve problems that occur in their own activities, and coordinate their ideas and activities with others. A confident child is willing to take a reasonable risk, to express or defend ideas, to try new experiences or to engage in challenging task.
Through the arts, children communicate their feelings and understandings of the world around them. By watching children draw, play, build, make music and pretend, adults can observe children’s developing knowledge. The arts make communication and understanding possible and open the door to learning.
Language & Literacy
The development of language abilities such as listening, speaking, reading and writing are critical to children’s success throughout their school years and the rest of their lives. Adults support the development of language abilities by talking with and listening carefully to children as they share their ideas and experiences; by repeating, and extending children’s statements; by supporting children’s efforts to listen to one another; and by engaging children in meaningful oral and written language activities. Language skills expand when children are offered a wealth of opportunities to have fun with and explore the use of oral and written language.
Logic & Mathematics
Children use their senses to construct their knowledge of mathematical concept through interactions with real objects and events. The preschool environment provides experiences that promote logical thinking skills and concepts of numeracy.
Young children enjoy activities such as running, skipping, throwing, catching, jumping, hopping, pulling, and back balancing. These activities allow children to use and expand their motor skills in a natural way. Opportunities to hop, twirl, spin, stretch, lift, button, squeeze and touch are fine motor activities that are included in the daily routine. As children explore, combine, and refine these physical movements, they develop the high-order thinking skills necessary for future social and academic success. Children deserve environments that are safe and encourage healthy living. It is important that we model healthy living practices such as good hygiene and a healthy diet for young children. There is an emphasis on the understanding of personal and environmental safety rules.
Science & Technology
Learning science at the preschool level grows from the child’s curiosity and desire to investigate. The preschool environment is designed for the young child to actively search for knowledge thru inquiry about objects, organisms and systems in the world around them through questions – What? Where? When? Why? How much? and How Many? It is vital that students develop an understanding of the inter relationships of technology, the environment and human activity. The exploration of a variety of machines facilitates the child’s development of technology skills.
Social & Emotional
In school, children learn new behaviors, as they get along with others, cooperate, and interact appropriately. Children are provided many opportunities to develop social skills such as cooperating, helping, negotiating, and talking with persons to solve interpersonal problems. Adults facilitate the development of self-control in children by using positive guidance techniques such as modeling and encouraging expected behavior, redirecting children to a more acceptable activity, and setting clear limits.
At a young age, children begin to develop their social identity and think about their place in the social world. Preschool experiences help children develop an awareness of their personal histories and a sense of time and place. The preschool setting encourages interactions with children and adults so they develop an appreciation for rights and responsibilities and how social rules help people in promoting safety and awareness.